Type 2 diabetes is a condition that is diagnosed or discovered in people who are over the age of 40. Diabetes mellitus is the clinical term to refer to and it occurs when the level of sugar or glucose in the blood goes higher than normal. Type I and type 2 diabetes are the main types of diabetes that afflicts many people.
The Blood Glucose And Insulin Combination
When one has eaten, the food that is consumed is broken down in the gut into simple blood sugar. The sugar in the form of glucose passes into the bloodstream ad this is taken up by the cells in order to make energy. Some cells convert such energy into fat and store them. In between meals, the blood glucose level starts to fall and that is when the insulin level also begins to fall. Glucogen or fat then gets converted into glucose which is released into the bloodstream from the cells. Insulin is created by the beta cells. These are the cells that are located within the pancreas. Insulin production and functioning is impaired in diabetes.
Characteristics Of Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a diabetic condition that is independent of insulin or happens upon maturity. It occurs mostly in people over the age of 40 but can even occur in younger people. Type 2 is becoming common in young adults and even in children these days. There are several characteristics of this condition:
- It is common in obese or overweight people
- It also tends to run in families
- It is found more among people in south Asia as well as in the African-Caribbean region
- There are many people round the world in many countries who are living with undiagnosed diabetes
- Impaired glucose tolerance that comes by due to any other ailment or health condition can bring about diabetes
Short Term Effects
It has been seen that the symptoms and illness develops gradually. It might take weeks if not month. In type 2 diabetes one’s system is still able to prepare insulin but there are deficiencies in its working. The short term effects of diabetes include:
- Feeling thirsty often – this is one of the first symptoms that warns one to check for diabetes
- One might be passing urine more often – this effect comes along with feeling thirsty more often than naturally
- Tiredness or fatigue is felt more
- Weight loss might come about even when one is eating the same or not controlling their diet.
- One tends to feel hungry more often
- Frequency and persistence of infections increases
- Nausea, blurred vision and tingling sensations are other symptoms of diabetes